a preserve made from citrus fruit, esp. bitter oranges, prepared like jam.
ORIGIN late 15th cent.: from Portuguese marmelada ‘quince jam,’ from marmelo ‘quince,’ based on Greek melimēlon (from meli ‘honey’ + mēlon ‘apple’ ).
noun ( pl. -lies)
a sweet, clear, semisolid, somewhat elastic spread or preserve made from fruit juice and sugar boiled to a thick consistency.
• used figuratively and in similes to refer to sensations of fear or strong emotion : her legs felt like jelly.
• a similar clear preparation made with fruit or other ingredients as a condiment : roast pheasant with red currant jelly.
• a gelatinous savory preparation made by boiling meat and bones.
• any substance of a gelatinous consistency : spermicidal jellies | frogs lay eggs coated in jelly.
• chiefly Brit. a sweet, fruit-flavored gelatin dessert.
• ( jellies) jelly shoes.
verb ( -lies, -lied) [ trans. ] [usu. as adj. ] ( jellied)
set (food) as or in a jelly : jellied cranberry sauce | jellied eels.
jellification |ˌjeləfiˈkā sh ən| noun
jellify |ˈjeləˌfī| verb
jellylike |-ˌlīk| adjective
ORIGIN late Middle English : from Old French gelée ‘frost, jelly,’ from Latin gelata ‘frozen,’ from gelare ‘freeze,’ from gelu ‘frost.’
grape jelly preserve, marmalade, jam; aspic, gelatin.
jam 1 |jam|
verb ( jammed , jamming )
1 [ trans. ] squeeze or pack (someone or something) tightly into a specified space : four of us were jammed in one compartment | people jammed their belongings into cars.
• push (something) roughly and forcibly into position or a space : he jammed his hat on.
• [ trans. ] crowd onto (a road) so as to block it : the roads were jammed with traffic.
• [ trans. ] cause (telephone lines) to be continuously busy with a large number of calls : listeners jammed WBOQ's switchboard with calls.
• [ intrans. ] push or crowd into an area or space : 75,000 refugees jammed into a stadium today to denounce the accord.
2 become or make unable to move or work due to a part seizing or becoming stuck : [ intrans. ] the photocopier jammed | [ trans. ] the doors were jammed open.
• [ trans. ] make (a radio transmission) unintelligible by causing interference.
3 [ intrans. ] informal improvise with other musicians, esp. in jazz or blues : the opportunity to jam with Atlanta blues musicians.
1 an instance of a machine or thing seizing or becoming stuck : paper jams.
• informal an awkward situation or predicament : I'm in a jam.
• short for traffic jam .
• [often with adj. ] Climbing a handhold obtained by stuffing a part of the body such as a hand or foot into a crack in the rock.
2 (also jam session) an informal gathering of musicians improvising together, esp. in jazz or blues.
jam on the brakes operate the brakes of a vehicle suddenly and forcibly, typically in an emergency.
ORIGIN early 18th cent.: probably symbolic; compare with jag 1 and cram .
a sweet spread or preserve made from fruit and sugar boiled to a thick consistency.
ORIGIN mid 18th cent.: perhaps from jam 1 .
1 he jammed a finger in each ear stuff, shove, force, ram, thrust, press, push, stick, squeeze, cram.
2 hundreds of people jammed into the hall crowd, pack, pile, press, squeeze, squish, cram, wedge; throng, mob, occupy, fill, overcrowd, obstruct, block, congest.
3 the rudder had jammed stick, become stuck, catch, seize (up), become trapped.
4 dust can jam the mechanism immobilize, paralyze, disable, cripple, put out of action, bring to a standstill; clog.
5 we were just jamming and his amp blew improvise, play (music), extemporize, ad lib.
1 a traffic jam congestion, holdup, bottleneck, gridlock, backup, tie-up, snarl-up.
2 informal : we are in a real jam predicament, plight, tricky situation, difficulty, problem, quandary, dilemma, muddle, mess, imbroglio, mare's nest, dire straits; informal pickle, stew, fix, hole, scrape, bind, tangle, spot, tight spot, corner, tight corner, hot/deep water, can of worms.
raspberry jam preserve, conserve, jelly, marmalade, fruit spread, compote, (fruit) butter.
verb [ trans. ]
maintain (something) in its original or existing state : all records of the past were zealously preserved | [as adj.] (preserved) a magnificently preserved monastery.
• retain (a condition or state of affairs) : a fight to preserve local democracy.
• maintain or keep alive (a memory or quality) : the film has preserved all the qualities of the novel.
• keep safe from harm or injury : a place for preserving endangered species.
• treat or refrigerate (food) to prevent its decomposition or fermentation.
• prepare (fruit) for long-term storage by boiling it with sugar : [as adj.] (preserved) those sweet preserved fruits associated with Cremona.
• keep (game or an area where game is found) undisturbed to allow private hunting or shooting.
1 (usu. preserves) food made with fruit preserved in sugar, such as jam or marmalade : home-made preserves.
2 a sphere of activity regarded as being reserved for a particular person or group : the civil service became the preserve of the educated middle class.
3 a place where game is protected and kept for private hunting or shooting.
ORIGIN late Middle English (in the sense [keep safe from harm] ): from Old French preserver, from late Latin praeservare, from prae- ‘before, in advance’ + servare ‘to keep.’